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| Words: 1435 | Submitted: 02-Feb-2012
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Descriptionwhat is bipolar disorder
The occurrence of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. Bipolar disorder or as the alternate names, manic depressive illness or affective bipolar disorder can be classified as a mood disorder characterized by mood swings from manic to depression. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; however, despite the great quantity of people suffering from it, we are still waiting for exact explanations for the causes and treatment. The one fact of which we are painfully aware is that bipolar disorder severely undermines its' victims ability to obtain and maintain social and occupational success. It is also believed that the lithium level is what causes these mood swings.
The depressive episodes are characterized by strong feelings of sadness and despair that can become feelings of hopelessness and helplessness. Either the manic or the depressive episodes can dominate and produce few mood swings or the patters of mood swings may be cyclic. Some of the symptoms of a depressive episode include anhedonia, disturbances in sleep and appetite, psychomotor retardation, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness, guilt, difficulty thinking, indecision, and recurrent thoughts of death and suicide. Some of the other symptoms that may occur in the depressive stage can be also fatigue that can last anywhere from weeks to months and a person may not be aware of why this is actually happening. Daytime sleepiness can also occur making it hard for a person with this illness to hold down any sort of a job for a length of time. Unintentional weight loss can make the doctor go in a different direction in this making it difficult for them in diagnosis because of all the possible symptoms that a person may show. A person may also have some memory loss episodes or episodes of amnesia, going blank for periods of time. They may not even be aware that they have a family to take care of and their jobs.
The manic episodes are characterized by high or irritable mood, increased energy, decreased need for sleep, poor judgment and insight, and often uncontrolled or careless behavior. When a person is in the manic stage they may become nervous which makes them more talkative than usual or they feel pressured to keep talking, they also may wring their hands or fidget because they feel unsure of the situation that they are in and seem to have just extreme restlessness to them. They might appear to have put on quite a bit of weight and anger extremely easy.
Bipolar disorder affects approximately one percent of the population in the United States. Bipolar Disorder can affect both males and females and involves episodes of mania and depression. ...
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