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| Words: 868 | Submitted: 04-Dec-2011
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Descriptiongovernment free response questions
2011: 3.Describe the single-member, winner-take-all electoral system. Describe the proportional representation electoral system. Explain why a proportional representation system is likely to lead to the election of a greater number of women in parliament.
One point is earned for a description of a single-member, winner-take-all electoral system. An acceptable description includes the following:
• Individual candidates compete in a specific territory for an office or seat.
• The winner is the candidate with the most votes.
One point is earned for a description of a proportional representation electoral system. An acceptable description includes that parties compete in multimember districts in national elections and win seats roughly proportional to their vote results.
One point is earned for an explanation of why proportional representation is likely to lead to the election of more women in parliament. An acceptable explanation includes the following:
• Voters are more likely to elect women on a party list than to choose a woman over a man in a
single electoral choice.
• There are party- or state-mandated inclusion rules, norms or quotas.
• It leads to voting for platforms rather than individuals.
• The greater number of seats per district leads to greater opportunities for candidates who are
• Parties use lists to advance candidates who are women and to attract women voters.
• There is competition from women-friendly, smaller parties.
• It centralizes candidate selection within parties and makes them more accountable
2011: 6.There are a variety of arrangements of power in executive-legislative relationships. Using your knowledge of the countries included in the AP Comparative Government and Politics course, complete the following tasks.
Describe the process used in a parliamentary system for the selection of the chief executive.
•The head of the majority party becomes prime minister.
If a majority exists, the head of the party becomes the prime minister.
If no majority exists, the largest minority party usually names the prime minister in a coalition government.
Contrast the process you described (a) with the process used in a presidential system for the selection of the chief executive.
•Parliamentary — legislature selects the head of government.
•Presidential — executive is chosen separately from legislature.
•The people elect the president.
Describe the process used in a parliamentary system for removing the chief executive.
•Legislature gives vote of no confidence.
•Party removal is internal party decision.
Contrast the removal process you described in part © with the process used in a presidential system for removing the chief executive.
legislature removes president.
Other than the removal process, describe a check on executive power within a parliamentary system.
•Backbencher resistance or revolt.
•Upper house can delay legislation.
•Judiciary can overturn laws passed by the executive or parliament.
•Parliament can refuse to pass legislation/budget proposed by the executive.
•Must call for an election within a set time.
2010: 1. ...
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