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democracy Free essay! Download now

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democracy

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Downloads to date: N/A | Words: 2764 | Submitted: 18-Jan-2012
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democracy

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DEMOCRACY
Democracy is a political form of government in which governing power is derived from the people, either by direct referendum called direct democracy or by means of elected representatives of the people called as representative democracy. The term comes from the Greek word “d?mokratía” means "rule of the people" in the middle of the 5th-4th century BC to denote the political systems.
There are several varieties of democracy, some of which provide better representation and more freedoms for their citizens than others. However, if any democracy is not carefully legislated – through the use of balances – to avoid an uneven distribution of political power, such as the separation of powers, then a branch of the system of rule could accumulate power thus become undemocratic.
The "majority rule" is often described as a characteristic feature of democracy, but without governmental or constitutional protections of individual liberties, it is possible for a minority of individuals to be oppressed by the "tyranny of the majority". An essential process in representative democracies is competitive elections that are fair both substantively and procedurally.
As for as Democracy is concerned in Pakistan, World War II inaugurated the vistas of democracy in the world. The genesis of Pakistan as an independent state was marked with the same trends. However, the booming democratic state as envisaged by the Quaid soon fell into the hands of demagogues, feudal, elitist bureaucracy, under the aegis of the corrupt interest groups, all sorts of mafia and the invisible foreign hands. Above all the military and the quasi-military rule strangled any hope of democracy for the developing Pakistan.
The seeds of anti-democratic norms were sown , when on August 1947, Khan Sahib’s ministry was dismissed along with M.A Khusroo’s dismissal on April 20,1948 in Sindh and Fazal-ul-Haq’s in 1954 in East Pakistan, despite the fact that each government enjoyed a majority in the assemblies.
The rough path of pseudo democracy brought a series of catastrophic incidents in the attire of AyubKhan’s failed federal-provincial policies, Zia’s grappling with the religion, Bhutto’s demagogic rhetoric, Benazir’s conceited false claims and Nawaz Sharif’s cowardice. The path was further furnished by the sham democratic claims in the form of a uniformed unconstitutional president turning the whole nation topsy turvy to establish an illusionary democracy.
The Champions of this illusionary democracy in the present are repeating the notions of their predecessors and have created same situation where Balochistan is voicing independence from the non-democratic dictators. The only thing left in the country as an aftermath of the distorted democracy is the regional parties that only inflict regional, ethnic and sectarian norms, the out come of which is terrorism, sectarianism, and violence.
Rigging elections and tampering results is another menace that has damaged the legitimate populist governments. Unlike, foreign democratic countries the governments in Pakistan ...

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