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| Words: 3852 | Submitted: 21-Jun-2011
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Descriptionmbti assessment intrument
Running head: Myers-Briggs Type IndicatorÒ (MBTIÒ)
A Review of the Myers-Briggs Type IndicatorÒ (MBTIÒ) Personality Inventory
The Myers-Briggs Type IndicatorÒ (MBTIÒ) is an objective assessment designed to clarify individual personality preferences by assigning a four-letter formula corresponding to specific personality descriptions. The MBTI is intended for use by adults 17 or older and must be interpreted by a qualified instructor. The four dichotomies measured are: Extraversion (E) - Introversion (I); Sensing (S) - Intuition (N); Thinking (T) - Feeling (F); and Judging (J) - Perceiving (P). This paper provides an overview of personality preferences and reviews the MBTI from different perspectives. It includes the history of the test, a test description, statistical information including reliability/validity research, current applications of the instrument, and ethical considerations. After analyzing the evaluations, the MBTI is highly recommended and contributes greatly to the overall assessment of defining one’s personality.
Katherine Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers had a vision of developing a tool that would provide people with a deeper understanding of their personality differences and allow them to further develop healthy personalities. The Myers Briggs Type IndicatorÒ (MBTIÒ) was first developed by Isabel Myers and Katherine Briggs in 1942 and was based on the book, Psychological Types, published in 1921 by C. G. Jung.
The initial work of this mother/daughter team started out as developing a “sorter” instrument that helped individuals identify their personality type preferences. They began by creating an individual item on the instrument and then collected corresponding data to determine whether this item was accurate in measuring what was intended (Myers & Briggs Foundation, 2007). Isabel Myers recorded this original research onto thousands of index cards which are now part of the archives at the University of Florida in Gainsville (Myers & Briggs Foundation).
The MBTI personality type instrument is taken by more than two million people worldwide each year (Myers & Briggs Foundation, 2007) and has primarily been tested using adult populations instead of children. There are five various versions of the MBTI, including: Form M – the standard format; Form M Self-scorable – to be used individually but scheduled in conjunction with a feedback session; Form G – previous version; Form G Self-scorable – previous version that is used individually but with a feedback session; and Form Q/Step II – used for more in-depth feedback (Myers & Briggs Foundation). Form Q/Step II is the most recent form of the instrument and is used when individuals or groups require more detailed profiles (Myers & Briggs Foundation) and provides explanations of how individuals express their unique type (CPP, 2007).
Personality is often inaccurately defined by lay persons as how individuals react in social settings. Identifying an individual’s personality type takes into account ...
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