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German Aviation Free essay! Download now

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German Aviation

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Downloads to date: N/A | Words: 2600 | Submitted: 04-Feb-2010
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Description

Without the wars the aviation industry could not have developed up to the level it is has to date.
We shall look at how the Germanys’ involvement in future projects and contribution towards current breakthrough projects in the aviation industry and how their presence has been vital in the current industry as well as where the world would be without Germany. We will have an in depth look German manufacturers such as Heinkel, Junkers, the Horten brothers and whilst discussing Messerschmitt we shall be able to identify one of their aircraft, regarded as being a major step forward in aircraft design and some of the reasons for this conclusion. I shall compare the advancement in aviation technology in Germany in contrast to the USA, Britain and France, and finally we shall have a glimpse of where the world would be without Germany’s contribution to Aviation.

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Despite Germany losing the war it can be seen that their ingenuity was actually a great attribute and a significant force in the development of the aviation industry. Without the wars the aviation industry could not have developed up to the level it is has to date.
We shall look at how the Germanys’ involvement in future projects and contribution towards current breakthrough projects in the aviation industry and how their presence has been vital in the current industry as well as where the world would be without Germany. We will have an in depth look German manufacturers such as Heinkel, Junkers, the Horten brothers and whilst discussing Messerschmitt we shall be able to identify one of their aircraft, regarded as being a major step forward in aircraft design and some of the reasons for this conclusion. I shall compare the advancement in aviation technology in Germany in contrast to the USA, Britain and France, and finally we shall have a glimpse of where the world would be without Germany’s contribution to Aviation.

Heinkel (Heinkel Flugzeugwerke) was a German aircraft manufacturing company established at warnemunde, founded and named after Ernst Heinkel. Its top designers were the twin Gunter brothers Siegfried and Walter, and Heinrich Hertel. They came up with designs like He 177 (also referred to as Zerstrorer) (Antill, 2007:58). Its first great success was the Heinkel He 70 Blitz
This was among the Luftwaffe’s heaviest operational bombers and also among the first aircrafts to have advanced night navigation devices. However his He-280 had much less range than its rival, the Me-262 and mounted fewer machine guns.
Moreover in the field of engine development, we could say that “Heinkel bit off more than he could chew “(Heppenheimer, 2001:246). Even with the extraction of talent from Junkers he had a technical staff of only fifty engineers, designers, and draftsmen. Basically all of them were aircraft specialists; few if any had a significant background in engine design and development.

He 70


He 177

He 280

Junkers & Co was also another major German aircraft manufacturer based in Dessau. Founded in1895 by Hugo Junkers’, initially manufacturing radiators and boilers. They then came up with magnificent piston and jet aircraft engines, later coming up with the first flyable aircraft to utilize an all metal “total structure” design. Junkers used their J8 layout for the F-13, the world’s first all metal airliner, a four passenger monoplane used primarily as airmail planes after some of which were delivered to North America. Due to the restrictions of the treaty of Versailles, (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junkers) further development wasn’t made possible, only after several months after which they developed a series of larger civil aircrafts which included the single engine G.24 and a three engine G.31 which were a commercial failure. The W-33/W-34 series also set multiple aviation “firsts” between 1926 and 1930, including records for;
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