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Roots of Conflict in Bosnia
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| Words: 2923 | Submitted: 12-May-2011
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DescriptionThe conflict in Bosnia has its roots in the religious difference. These religions were introduced by foreign invaders in the past but effected Bosnia hundreds of years later.
The Roots of Social Conflict in the former Yugoslavia
Bosnia is a nation bordered by Croatia. Since the occupation the by the Ottoman Empire, Bosnia has been a land of conflict, leading up to the ethnic cleansing which began in the early 90s. As a result of war and the death and dislocation of thousands upon thousands of people, it has been difficult for Bosnia to produce an accurate census of its population ("Bosnia and Herzegovina."). The three main ethnic groups in Bosnia are the Islamic Bosnian Bosniak, Serbs, and Croatians. These three ethnic groups have their own unique identities, beliefs, and languages, yet peacefully maintained a bitter animosity that exploded into what became the Bosnian war.
What resulted was the Serb Republic initiating a campaign of “ethnic cleansing”. This “ethnic cleansing” by the Bosnian Serbs caused hundreds of thousands of Bosniak and Croats to flee their home and summarily executed thousands more (“Modern Conflicts: Conflict Profile Bosnia-Herzegovina”). This “ethnic cleansing” by the Serbs wasn’t much different from style German Nazis employed in their ethnic cleansing campaign against the Jews. In retrospect Germany occupied Yugoslavia in World War II. This recurring “ethnic cleansing” can be seen as a result of past historical events. In 1993, Bosniak and Croats began to wage war on each other (“Modern Conflicts: Conflict Profile Bosnia-Herzegovina”).
During the early 90s, the war broke out among Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats in what was known as the Bosnian War (“Modern Conflicts : Conflict Profile Bosnia-Herzegovina”). During this war, it is estimated that 125,000 people were killed, mostly civilians (“Modern Conflicts: Conflict Profile Bosnia-Herzegovina”). A year before the Bosnian War, Croatia and Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia (“GENOCIDE - BOSNIA”). However, Serbia the dominant republic of Yugoslavia, fought to retain control of the breakaway republics but failed. In 1992, Bosnia held a referendum and voted for independence. The Bosnian Serbs were enraged and formed the Republika Srpska (Serb Republic) led by Slobodan Milosevic.
This chaotic warfare captured the attention of the United Nation. The United Nation sent peacekeepers who failed to protect civilians, thus the high civilian death count. However, the Bosnian War was ended by the United States once they entered the conflict to restore peace. All parties agreed to the Dayton Peace Agreement. This agreement created two separate entities which are: the Republika Srpska, and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina ( “Modern Conflicts : Conflict Profile Bosnia-Herzegovina”) In present day Bosnia the presidency rotates every eight months among the three members (Bosniak, Serb, and Croat) who sever four year terms ("Bosnia and Herzegovina.").
This paper will address the causes for war in Bosnia-Herzegovina as identity-based. I will also be analyzing the concept by “CJA: Bosnia ...
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