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Breast cancer in Australian women Free essay! Download now

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Breast cancer in Australian women

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Downloads to date: N/A | Words: 2462 | Submitted: 05-Apr-2011
Spelling accuracy: 94.7% | Number of pages: 19 | Filetype: Word .doc


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Breast cancer in Australian women

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Table of Contents

Introduction---------------------------------------------3
Definition------------------------------------------------3
Prevalence patterns-----------------------------------4
Risk factors---------------------------------------------5
Levels of prevention-----------------------------------6
Health promotion--------------------------------------8
Prevention strategies----------------------------------9
Nursing roles-------------------------------------------11
Conclusion---------------------------------------------13
Reference-----------------------------------------------14


Breast cancer in Australian women

Introduction
In Australia, breast cancer represents an important public health problem together with other cancerous diseases. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among Australia women. Breast cancer can significantly influence the well-being and quality of life of the patient (National cancer institute, 2005). This paper will discuss about definition of breast cancer, risk facts, prevalence patterns, prevention and health promotion as well as a discussion of the nursing roll related to breast cancer in the Australian public health system.
Definition

Breast cancer is caused by the development of malignant cells in the breast. The malignant cells often originate in the lining of the milk gland or ducts of the breast. Cancer cells are characterized by uncontrolled division leading to abnormal growth and the ability of these cells to invade normal tissue locally or to spread throughout the body, in a process called metastasis (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and National Breast and Ovarian Cancer Centre, 2009).

Prevalence patterns

Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer related death in women in Australia. 1 in 11 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer before the age of 75 (Avis, Crawford,& Manuel, 2005).According to National cancer institute(2005),The Prevalence of breast cancer is defined as the number of people alive at a specified point in time who have ever been diagnosed with breast cancer regardless of how long ago. These people may or may not be undergoing treatment or be considered cured.
Along with information on incidence, mortality and survival, prevalence is another indicator of the burden of breast cancer in our society, both at the personal/familial level and societal level. In Australia in 2006, a total of 12,614 women were diagnosed with breast cancer .The incidence of breast cancer has risen over 20% from 1996 to 2006. A total of 2,618 women died from breast cancer in 2006, making breast cancer become the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths for women. Trend data indicate that breast cancer mortality rates for women have been declining since the mid 1990s and that outcomes for women diagnosed with breast cancer have improved over recent decades (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and National Breast and Ovarian Cancer Centre, 2009).
Risk factors
Risk factors of breast cancer can be classified as reproductive, hormonal, environmental, and familial (Martin, Therese, Eleni, & Walter, 2008).
Risk factor including: Age: The chance of getting breast cancer goes up as a woman gets older. Gender Simply being a woman is the main risk factor for developing breast cancer. Race: Breast cancer is ...

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