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Nazi Censorship and Propaganda
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DescriptionA brief essay about Hitler's censorship policies along with propaganda ideas
History CH 8-9
The Police State
Nazi Censorship and Propaganda
The police state was one of the most important factors in Hitler’s establishment of a dictatorship after Hindenburg’s death, as it allowed him to persecute and get rid of his social, religious and political enemies that lived among the German people.
As in many cases, indoctrination (converting people to different ideals using education and propaganda) did not work, so Hitler had to used force and terror using the Nazi’s security and military organizations, such as the SS (Schutzstaffel), the SD (Sicherheitsdienst, security service) and the Gestapo.
In 1936, all of these organizations were brought under the control of Heinrich Himmler, who also organized the Night of the Long Knives.
The SS was formed in 1925 as a unit of personal security for Hitler, and was led by Himmler after 1929. Himmler kept building it up until it had a clear identity to the party and the general public, as all members of the SS wore black. They had shown total obedience to the Fuhrer, and the SS had grown to have over 50,000 members in 1934, and they were shown as an example for the German people.
After the Night of the Long Knives, the SS had taken the role of the SA, which was the removal of opposition and within the SS; the SD was responsible for party security, and eventually security in the country.
The Gestapo (Geheimestaatspolizei – secret state police) was the most important security organization in the Nazi Party, and it was formed by Hermann Goering in 1933, and came under the control of Heinrich Himmler in 1936.
The Gestapo had the ability to arrest any suspects of opposition against the party, and it would arrest those that would later be sent to concentration camps.
By 1939, the Gestapo had arrested about 160,000 political suspects of opposition against the Nazis, and who were sent to different concentration camps.
Although the Nazis controlled the Reichstag, they still needed a legal system that operated in Nazi ways, and this was done through:
Removal of certain judges
All judges joining the National Socialist League for the Maintenance of the Law
In 1933, the German Lawyers Front was established and there were more than 10,000 members by 1934.
In 1934, a new People’s Court was established to try cases of treason, operated by judges that were loyal to the Nazi regime and the Fuhrer. With these cases, the Minister of Justice would sometimes check if the judges were lenient, and sometimes had to alter the sentences if they had been.
The establishment of new forms of prisons, or CONCENTRATION CAMPS, was essential to the removal of opposition and the police state. The concentration camps were run by the SA and the SS, and the first ...
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