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Pride and Prejudice
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| Words: 1800 | Submitted: 21-Jan-2009
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DescriptionWhat do the two proposals to Elizabeth illustrate about Jane Austenís world, important issues such as characterisation and the effectiveness of Jane Austenís characteristic style of writing?
The first proposal takes place when Mr Collins comes to visit the Bennet family at Loungbourn. Mr Collins is the only male relation on Mr Bennet’s side of the family and so after his death Mr Collins will inherit all of Mr Bennet’s property. Mr Collins comes to longbourne having made the intention of marrying one of Mr Bennet’s five daughters as to ensure the property does not go out of the family. At first he has his eyes set for the eldest Bennet daughter: Jane but soon finding out that she has been taken sets out to induce Elizabeth.
When Mr Collins asks permission to be alone with Elizabeth Mrs Bennet immediately assumes Elizabeth will have no objection and replies instantly. “I am sure Lizzy will be happy- I am sure Lizzy she can have no objection” Jane Austen sets the scene very effectively and the reader can clearly visualize the expressions on the characters faces. Mrs Bennet instantly assumes Elizabeth will have no objection and when she does object insists upon her staying. “Lizzy I insist upon your staying and hearing Mr Collins.” Even though Elizabeth does not want to stay she respects and obeys her mother. Mr Bennet uses the word insist to pressurize Elizabeth. We can clearly tell that respecting elders played a big part of manners in the 18th century. “I have your respected mother’s permission” This sentence clearly indicates that Mr Collins has her mother’s permission to talk with her alone. The reader can tell that in the 18th century it would have been considered a very good match because of both social and economical reasons. The views for marriage in the 18th century were not for love but took place for security, wealth and social status.
Throughout the proposal Mr Collins language is very formal and the proposal appears to the reader as a speech. “My reasons for marrying, are first that I think it a right for every clergyman in easy circumstances (like myself) to set the example of matrimony in his parish” This tells the reader that Mr Collins doesn’t really love Elizabeth and has no feelings for her but will only marry her because it is practical. It is more like a business matter to him than for love.
“Secondly that I think it will add greatly to my happiness.” From this sentence we can tell Mr Collins is only thinking of himself and doesn’t consider Elizabeth’s feelings. Jane Austen portrays Mr Collins as a selfish, pompous and foolish character.
“Thirdly that it is the particular advice and recommendation of the very noble lady whom I have the honour of calling patroness.” From this sentence we can clearly pick out that Mr Collins is being very Subservient to Lady Catherine de Bourgh and makes himself lower than her. He humiliates him self in front of Elizabeth without being conscious of it. We can pick out that Mr Collins absolutely worships Lady Catherine de Bourgh and cherishes every second spent with her. It is evident that he only thinks of pleasing her. He humiliates himself when he proves to Elizabeth he is incapable of choosing a wife for himself, “Chuse properly, chuse a gentlewomen for my sake; and for your own, let her be an active, useful sot of person”
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