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managing financial resources and decisions - course framework
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| Words: 712 | Submitted: 17-Aug-2011
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DescriptionThe unit aim is to provide learners with an understanding of where and how to access sources of finance for a business, and the skills to use financial information for decision making.
The unit aim is to provide learners with an understanding of where and how to access sources of finance for a business, and the skills to use financial information for decision making.
This unit is designed to give learners a broad understanding of the sources and availability of finance for a business organisation. Learners will learn how to evaluate these different sources and compare how they are used.
They will learn how financial information is recorded and how to use this information to make decisions for example in planning and budgeting.
Decisions relating to pricing and investment appraisal are also considered within the unit. Finally, learners will learn and apply techniques used to evaluate financial performance.
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
Understand the sources of finance available to a business
Understand the implications of finance as a resource within a business
Be able to make financial decisions based on financial information
Be able to evaluate the financial performance of a business.
1 Understand the sources of finance available to a business
Range of sources: sources for different businesses; long term such as share capital; retained earnings; loans; third-party investment; short/medium term such as hire purchase and leasing; working capital stock control; cash management; debtor factoring
Implications of choices: legal, financial and dilution of control implications; bankruptcy
Choosing a source: advantages and disadvantages of different sources; suitability for purpose eg matching of term of finance to term of project
2 Understand the implications of finance as a resource within a business
Finance costs: tangible costs eg interest, dividends; opportunity costs eg loss of alternative projects when using retained earnings; tax effects
Financial planning: the need to identify shortages and surpluses eg cash budgeting; implications of failure to finance adequately; overtrading
Decision making: information needs of different decision makers
Accounting for finance: how different types of finance and their costs appear in the financial statements of a business; the interaction of assets and liabilities on the balance sheet and on international equivalents under the International Accounting Standards (IAS)
3 Be able to make financial decisions based on financial information
Budgeting decisions: analysis and monitoring of cash and other budgets Costing and pricing decisions: calculation of unit costs, use within pricing decisions; sensitivity analysis
Investment appraisal: payback period; accounting rate of return; discounted cash flow techniques ie net present value; internal rate of return
Nature of long-term decisions: nature of investment importance of true value of money; cash flow; assumptions in capital investment decisions; advantages and disadvantages of each method
4 Be able to evaluate the financial performance of a business
Terminology: introduction to debit, credit, books ...
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