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Review of Organisational Studies Free essay! Download now

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Review of Organisational Studies

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Downloads to date: N/A | Words: 890 | Submitted: 20-Jan-2012
Spelling accuracy: 98.1% | Number of pages: 4 | Filetype: Word .doc


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Description

This is a review of three papers which reflects the organisational studies

Preview

INTRODUCTION
So far there has been increasing emphasis on diverse ways how organisations are structured. Too many researches have been conducted to find out how organisations emerge in respect with product complexity through knowledge reusability and technological diversifications, and the effects of organisation memory on product innovations. Besides, studies focus on how psychological contracts take various forms based on cultural variations. I am going to review three studies how the firms emerge and the impact of organizational memory in terms of sharing and reusability of knowledge and how the psychological contract forms are different based on cultural changes, and draw conclusion based on the findings of review.
REVIEW OF PAPERS
The aim of the research by Ozman (2010) is to explore the influence of two dimensions of product knowledge bases on organizational structures, and Thomas et al. (2010) did a study to find out the variation in Individuals’ psychological contracts across cultures. Fiedler and Welpe (2010) research is to examine the impact of organizational structures on organizational memory (OM).
According to Ozman (2010) when a product is complex and knowledge is reused in different context, then organizations form multi-product companies. Where the knowledge has significant impact on formation of organisation, Teece (1980 cited in Ozman, 2010) highlights that knowledge is human capital that can be used to produce a variety of related products through diversifications and this theory results in emerging of multi-product firms. Fiedler and Welpe (2010) argue that the organisation structure is affected by the way that the knowledge is utilized and retrieved within an organisation. OM affects product development processes by influencing, such as sharing and retrieving of information and knowledge and the innovations for new complex product. The higher OM levels and the greater memory dispersion increase the higher performance of product and innovation.
It is clearly pointed by Ozman (2010) that the significant impact on product complexity is the technological diversification within the firm. On of the motive behind technological diversification is to improve the absorptive capabilities of the organisation and to make better use of it. Knowledge creativity and innovation is the key to technological diversification success where the knowledge creativity and sharing is affected by the emotions felt by employees involved, as Thomas et al. (2010) categorised the levels into two, short-term which is transactional refers to monetary exchange and long-term which is relational refers to social exchange.
In addition, Fiedler and Welpe (2010) state that the sharing of the knowledge can be reinforced by the effective interaction between members who use their competences and creating OM in the forms of sheared belief, values, norms and behaviours. Thus, organisational capacity links the capabilities and competences of an organisation, skills and knowledge in cultural change ...

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