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Is there a difference between education and socialization? Free essay! Download now

Home > A Level > Sociology > Is there a difference between education and socialization?

Is there a difference between education and socialization?

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Downloads to date: N/A | Words: 1192 | Submitted: 08-Apr-2013
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Is there a difference between education and socialization? essay previewIs there a difference between education and socialization? essay previewIs there a difference between education and socialization? essay preview

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Analysis on Education and Socialization

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Is there a difference between education and socialization?

LESTER FRANK WARD
The main purpose of education was to equalize society
The source of inequality was in the unequal distribution of knowledge

Why do/should people get and education?

HURBERT SPENCER
Education is only important if it has practical value and prepare people for everyday life.

CULTURAL TRANSMISSION The most obvious goal of education where major portions of society’s knowledge are passed from one generation to the next.

Another crucial function of schools
To equip children with academic skills they need to function as adults to hold jobs, balance checkbooks, evaluate political candidates, read papers, analyze the importance of scientific advance etc.
What are some other functions of schools?
Are schools successful to this end?

INNOVATION
Learning how to think independently and critically is one of the most valuable tools the education system can transmit.

What are some of the MANIFEST FUNCTIONS of the education system?
To educate
To socialize

What are some of the LATENT FUNCTIONS of the education system?
Childcare
To provide at least one nutritious meal per day
To slow down the entry of young adults into the workforce (COSTATT, UTT)
Lower unemployment and less competition for low level, low paying jobs

There has been a shift from manufacturing/ agricultural jobs to service jobs
Who benefited? SBCS/COSTATT, UTT, SITAL et. al.
Older students returning to school
More women


CONFLICT THEORY Views on EDUCATION
Some groups dominate others
Sees the education system as maintaining the status quo
Schools stifle individuals in the name of maintaining order
To produce the kind of people the system needs
To train people for the type of jobs the corporation requires
To instill in them the proper attitudes and values necessary for the fulfillment of one’s social role.

HIDDEN CURRICULUM
The social attitudes and values taught in school that prepare children to accept the requirements of adult life and to fit into the social, political and economic statuses the society provides.
Official (academic)
Hidden (social)

SOCIAL SKILLS:
A widely accepted sign of maturity

TRACKING
First known in Britain as “streaming”
Stratifying students into “Fast” “Average” and “Slow” groups from first grade to HS
2/3 of HS use Tracking
Classifying students is the beginning of tracking.
What are some of the factors that influence Tracking?
Socio economic status
Ethnicity
Place of residence
Public schools vs prestige schools
Teachers’ expectation of students
How rampant are such policies in T&T?

What are some of the drawbacks of Tracking?
It promotes race and class segregation
Minority students over represented in lower tracks and under- represented in higher tracks
Students’ abilities reflect the effect of placements
Fosters negative self esteem
Creates winners and losers

CREDENTIALS
A rite of passage
i.e. college and universities act as the gatekeepers to society, allowing those who play by the rules to succeed, frowning upon those who don’t.

Therefore, universities and colleges act as miniature societies
Are we living in a credentialized society/world, Why?

DE JURE ...

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