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participation and voting behavoir
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| Words: 1925 | Submitted: 11-Dec-2011
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Descriptionhow people vote and why they vote for a particular party
Participation and voting behaviour
This is simply where a member of the electorate has a strong political view for a certain party and has consistently voted for that particular party thorough out many general elections or opinion polls. This also makes that member of the electorate politically active. Partisan alignment can be as a result of many things like class, region, work, socialisation, home or work. These are all long term factor that has a very large affect on the voting behaviour of the British electorate. The opposite of this is partisan dealignment. This is where someone is not a loyal follower or believer of a particular party meaning that they have voted for more than one party throughout different general elections e.g. someone who voted labour in the 2005 election but then voted liberal in the 2010 election. This is very similar to a floating voter. This can be seen when looking at the class voting since 1974. Looking at the percentage of people that voted for the conservatives from 1974 to 1992 there was a consistently high amount of people that voted from the middle class. This can also be seen when looking at the percentage of unskilled workers that voted for labour.
There are many differences as to how the election process happens now compared to how it used to work in the 1940’s, 50’s and 60’s. The main difference being party leaders. In the 40’s-60’s the denominations between different party were mainly based on class and region e.g. if you lived in or around London then you voted conservative and if you lived is the centre of Liverpool the you voted labour. But now these differences in the way we vote are more down to party leaders themselves.
One reason why party leaders have become more central to election campaigns is that the parties can no longer solely depend on long term factors such as class, age, or region to secure votes and seats. This is because long term factors are having less of an impact on the electorate when voting which means that there has to be more to persuade them to vote for a party. It is at this point that the party leaders will then try to persuade them to vote for their party. This can be seen when looking at the statistics for the 2010 general election. When looking at the percentage share of votes in Yorkshire and the Humber the difference was only 2% but in the 2005 general election the difference was over 10%. This can also been seen when looking at the votes gained by the conservatives from the last election. The conservatives gained a share in every aspect whether ...
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