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To what extent is Germany responsible for the 1st world war? Free essay! Download now

Home > A Level > History > To what extent is Germany responsible for the 1st world war?

To what extent is Germany responsible for the 1st world war?

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Downloads to date: N/A | Words: 1307 | Submitted: 18-Mar-2011
Spelling accuracy: 96.3% | Number of pages: 3 | Filetype: Word .doc


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To what extent is Germany responsible for the 1st world war? essay previewTo what extent is Germany responsible for the 1st world war? essay previewTo what extent is Germany responsible for the 1st world war? essay preview

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History Essay on Germany's responsibility for the 1st world war

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To what extent is Germany responsible for the 1st world war?


Everyone has there own opinion about who started the first world war but with so many countries involved and no one prepared to take the blame for the outcome without a treaty, without extensive research it is not easy to pinpoint who actually was responsible for the out break. With most people blaming Germany for the first world war, after looking into the reasons we have to ask ourselves to what extent is Germany actually responsible for the outbreak of the first world war.

German historian Fritz Fisher published a book ‘Germanys aims in the 1st World War’ this caused a dispute because it argued that Germany had a policy that it would deliberately provoked war and had a set of annexationist war aims, and implying that Germany wanted a war since 1912. In his favour, the response to the publication of Fishers book, a historian John Moses state in his book with was published in 1975 ‘The politics of illusion’ he stated that ‘No serious German historian today can venture to pit himself against the evidence compiled by the Fischer school’.

The peace treaty, ‘The treaty of Versailles’ was signed exactly five years after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, after months of negotiations with the big 3, David Lloyd George of Britain, Clemenceau of France, and Woodrow Wilson of America. Under the terms of the treaty, and Germany signing it, Germany had land taken away her, Alsace-Lorraine given to France, Eupen and Malmedy given to Belgium, Northern Schleswig given to Denmark, Hultschin given to Czechoslovakia West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia given to Poland, and the over seas colonies was taken control by the league of nations, Germany had there army reduced to just 100,000 men, and the loss of colonies meant loss of income so her financial system was in anarchic.

There were 3 critical clauses to the treaty, clause 321 which was also referred to as the ‘War Guilt Clause‘,where germany had to take full responsibility for causing World War one, and as she was responsible for starting the war she was therefore responsible for all the damage caused by the war and consequently had to pay reparations with most going to France and Belgium for the damage done. The amount was not determined there and then, but Germany was ordered to write a blank cheque which ...

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