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Major Slave Rebellions during 1816,1823 and 1831 Free essay! Download now

Home > A Level > History > Major Slave Rebellions during 1816,1823 and 1831

Major Slave Rebellions during 1816,1823 and 1831

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Downloads to date: N/A | Words: 1604 | Submitted: 13-Feb-2013
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Major Slave Rebellions during 1816,1823 and 1831



The major slave rebellions in (Barbados, Demerara,

and Jamaica) during the period of 1816, 1823 and 1831 was

a time of such brutality towards the slaves in the colonies.

The three main causes of these rebellions are listed below:

Political factors

In Parliament, the Imperial Government passed the

Abolition of the British Slave Trade (1807) mainly

because of the work of Granville Sharp, who was

responsible for bringing it to attention in the court case of

James Somerest whose trial led to slavery being declared

illegal in England by Judge Lord Mansfield after a few

unsuccessful attempts.

After the ending of the Slave Trade they started to

smuggle slaves to England to work on the plantations. This

later came to the attention of the Government who

eventually passed a next law called the Slave Registration

Act (1816) to keep an account on the slaves and to stop the

smuggling of same to England. The aim of this Act was to

have all the names of the slaves on a register so that the

British government could detect planters who were buying

them illegally from other colonies owned by Britain or

in another European country.

Agitation amongst slaves were increasing in the

region in that time, and slave rebellions were becoming

increasingly frequent as the Imperial Government didnít

want a repeat of what happened in Haiti, so they tried to

moderate the conduct of the worst slave owners, as a

measure to control the outbreaks of violence in the colonies

by instituting the Amelioration Act.
The rebellions were carried out by charismatic

leaders like: Bussa (an African born slave), Nanny Griggs,

Jackey, Roach, and Ranger from the Barbados rebellion,

Quamina (a slave who was a deacon) from Demerara and

Sam Sharp (an educated creole slave) from the Jamaica

Social factors

On the plantation the slaves worked under unfair

conditions. They were treated like animals and/or lower

than whites and the conditions were so cruel that the

plantations had a high turnover rate of slaves due to deaths

and desertion. The teaching of the missionaries entailed

that every man no matter which complexion or the money

they had, everyone was equal in the sight of god and that

all Christians were brothers. And there was a greater

population of blacks than whites.

Economical factors

In the 19th century sugar were no longer important to

the ...

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