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Assess the contribution of the Jesuits to the Catholic revival in the Sixteenth Century
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| Words: 1507 | Submitted: 11-Dec-2011
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DescriptionA B grade essay about The Jesuits Contributions
The Catholic Reformation
“Asses the contribution of the Jesuits to the Catholic revival in the Sixteenth Century”
There is no dispute that the Jesuits played very important roles in the revival of the Catholic faith and the Counter Reformation alongside the Council of Trent. It was particularly the Jesuits who played the most vital role in taking the ideas agreed at Trent and putting them into practise throughout Europe. Although the Jesuits were a just small group of people, they were the activists that helped spread, clarify, solidify and improve the operations of the Church, thus leading to its long term revival. The revival of the Catholic Church was mainly reliant on the correction of 4 Key factors; the ecclesiastical or reconfiguration of the church, the Religious orders, The spiritual spread or movements, and the political dimensions of the church which were all covered by the Jesuits although the Council of Trent.
Among all the conditions that needed to be corrected there was the growing divide between the clerics and the laity as well as many members of the clergy in the rural parishes. Reasons for this were because of the lack of education which was what the Jesuits contributed to improve clerical standards of the church. The orthodox view is that it was in Germany that the Jesuits achieved most effects during the sixteenth century. For example, Since there was a fear that Protestantism was realistically going to take over the whole of Germany Peter Canisuis, who was the first German Jesuit (1543), founded the first German Jesuit College in Sicily and continued to uphold the claims and teachings of the Catholic Church which eventually stunning the protestant spread, most specifically in the south of Germany. Looking back to the early 1400’s the clerical leaders of the Catholic Church were all alluded with corruption and nepotism. However due to the Increased significance of Jesuit sodalities (from c. 1563) networks of former Jesuit schools and university students, helped replace old confraternities thus improving the training quality clergy men as well as allowing Jesuits teachings to spread and grow in many parts of Europe. When Ignio Layola died in 1556, there were over 30 colleges across Europe and the new world. This increased in 1600 by 236 colleges offering instruction and guidance free of charge. However, since the Jesuits were under the jurisdiction of Pope Paul IV, it was mainly spread throughout Italy, Poland and Spain. They also particularly concerned to educate the sons of the ruling elites as well as brining lay people into their churches and exposing them to the influence of outstanding preaching as well as teaching rural folks simple prayers and hymns. Unlike many of the ...
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