Assess how effectively your country deals with one aspect of environmental concern Free essay! Download now
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Assess how effectively your country deals with one aspect of environmental concern
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| Words: 1177 | Submitted: 27-Nov-2012
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DescriptionAssess how effectively your country deals with one aspect of environmental concern
As a country blessed with no natural resources to speak of Nepalis, for centuries have been relying heavily on one thing they have: Forests. Today, the centuries of exploitation for energy, timber, money and basically livelihood, has given raise to a forest cover receding alarmingly. “Green forest, Nepal’s wealth” has become passé. Hence the country is reeling under deforestation, struggling to save its forests but laws, changes in society and some programs have given a shadow of hope for Nepal’s forests.
The legal framework put in place to safeguard the forests of the country is extensive and adequate; providing a solid foundation to excel the conservation efforts in the country. The Ministry of Forests and soil conservation was established with the specific purpose of protecting the forests, controlling deforestation and saving the flora of the country. In addition to banning cutting of trees it encourages proper management of forests and controlling export of timber. Supporting the ministry in its endeavors are the district forest departments and many other forestry offices locates all over the country. In addition to the offices and the bureaucracy legal protection of the forests is well ingrained into the law of the land. The Forest Act, 1993, the Forestry Sector Plan and the Environment Protection Act, 1996 are few among the numerous laws formulated to control degradation of the trees. While the Conservation Act of 1993 chiefly banned the exploitation and export of many endangered plants like Persian walnut, the Indian kino tree (bijayasal), the Indian rosewood (satisal) and the golden champaca (champ) the forest sector plan takes a more sophisticated approach by launching The Jadibuti (herbs) and NTFP Coordination Committee (JNCC) which aims to promote the conservation of the forests through the utilization of the forests through non timber forests products. Thus with this amount of legal protection the prospects for forests, on paper looks very bright.
Although law may look like a bastion of forest protection, the unfortunate fact is that the forests of the country is surely declining, degrading at an alarming rate. Although laws have been in place for decades, forest cover still managed to decrease form a healthy 43% in 1979 to less than 23% in 2005. This rapid decline suggests that the laws have remained just rules in the book, weak and ineffective. Further, firewood still accounts for nearly 80% of the country’s total energy consumption. The problem is even worse in the rural areas where almost all of the energy, from cooking to heating, from the fodder for animals to building houses; comes from the forests. Unless laws really begin to be effective prospects remain grim. The ...
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