Comparing stereotypes of Anglo-Australian, Arab and Asian people on the dimensions of competence and warmth Free essay! Download now
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Comparing stereotypes of Anglo-Australian, Arab and Asian people on the dimensions of competence and warmth
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| Words: 1896 | Submitted: 03-May-2011
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DescriptionComparing stereotypes of Anglo-Australian, Arab and Asian people on the dimensions of competence and warmth
Topic: Comparing stereotypes of Anglo-Australian, Arab and Asian people on the dimensions of competence and warmth.
Arab, Asians and Anglo Australians are examined across stereotypes and dimensions of competence and warmth. Stereotyping is an automatic response and is present even though the subject denies it consciously according to John Divido. The study across a population of 223 Anglo Australian individuals established a clear bias against Asians and Arabs on both the dimensions of competence and warmth. Surveys conducted along attributes of intelligence, education and likeability clustered around these two dimensions of warmth and competence for almost all representative social groups. It was also established that competence and warmth are inversely related and increase in one attribute leads to decrease in the other dimension. Further external or outgroups are generally perceived as lower in competence than ingroups. Also persons lower in social strata are perceived as higher in warmth while those higher in competence are perceived as lower in warmth.
This report aims at establishing linkage between stereotypes three primary nationals of Arabs, Asians and Anglo Australians of cross cultural dimensions of competence and warmth. Stereotyping is automatic, even when one is consciously not trying to categorize other individuals, mostly on the basis of sex and race, according to John Divido, a Professor of Psychology (Stossel & Kendell, 2006). Stereotyping classification is automatic and almost involuntary, children start having preconceived notions about people different from themselves almost probably the cultural upbringing and peers coerce decision making and we end up stereotyping without even being aware of it. Harvard University Implicit Association Test measures racial bias when pictures of white and colored faces are flashed with random words that have positive and words with negative connotation – and the test designers claim that the test brings out what is in the subject’s subconscious (Stossel & Kendell, 2006).
Susan and Amy from Princeton university (Susan et. al 2002) and other researchers have argued that stereotypical dimensions can be modeled by the attributes of competence and warmth – high warmth and low degree of competence show paternalism whilst contra high competence with low warmth show enviousness. Distinct emotions from piteousness to outright contempt fall along these scales while status consciousness is predictable with higher degrees of competence and similarly competition precludes low degree warmth (Susan et. al 2002).
A survey to conduct perception of Australians to Anglo Australians, Asians and Arabs was conducted along the attributes of competence and warmth with the perceptions about education, industriousness, strength, intelligence, success and wealth were clustered to converge to competence while warmth was constituted of perceived quality of being considerate, kindness, friendliness, being warm, trustworthiness and likeability. Each of these
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