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Determination of the Relative Atomic Mass of Lithium Free essay! Download now

Home > A Level > Chemistry > Determination of the Relative Atomic Mass of Lithium

Determination of the Relative Atomic Mass of Lithium

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Downloads to date: N/A | Words: 1500 | Submitted: 26-Apr-2008
Spelling accuracy: N/A | Number of pages: | Filetype: Word .doc


The aim of this experiment is to determine the relative atomic mass of
Lithium using two methods. The first method is to measure the volume
of hydrogen gas produced when a known mass of lithium reacts with
water. The second method is to titrate the solution of lithium
hydroxide produced from the first method.



1. Set up the apparatus accordingly (as shown below). Use a standing
clamp to hold the measuring cylinder upright.

2. Ensure the 100 cm measuring cylinder contains exactly 100 cm of
distilled water.

3. Cut a piece of Lithium using a knife and mat.

4. Weigh the cutting of lithium ensuring it is clean and weighs
approximately between 0.08g and 0.13g. Record the mass of lithium
accurately and exact to 3 decimal places.

5. Remove the stopper from the conical flask, place the lithium in the
conical flask and immediately replace the stopper to ensure no
hydrogen gas escapes.

6. Collect the hydrogen gas in the measuring cylinder and record the
final volume.


1st Attempt

2nd Attempt

3rd Attempt

Weight of Lithium




Amount of hydrogen collected

50 cm

76 cm

78 cm


1st Attempt -

76 cm 0.00317 0.00317 X 2

24000 cm

0.044 6.98


2nd Attempt –

78 cm 0.00325 0.00325 X 2 = 0.0065

24000 cm

0.042 6.462


Average Titre –

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