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| Words: 2500 | Submitted: 21-Mar-2011
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DescriptionThis is a research paper on the banning of human cloning
This is a research paper on the banning of human cloning. Human cloning does have benefits for medical uses; however the side effects can be dangerous and even deadly. This argumentative essay states the psychological distresses as well as the social harms .of the clones. Human cloning should be banned because it results to problems in the future.
Cloning is a form of genetic engineering in which the DNA of a person, animal, plant, or even bacterium is used to produce a perfect or near perfect genetic replica of the original (Stanley 7). The history of human cloning first began in 1997 when Dolly the sheep was cloned from another sheep. Then the National Bioethics Advisory Commission was formed in the United States. In 1998, Fibro the first mouse was the first animal to be cloned from the donor’s reproductive system. Also, in 1999, calves are cloned from cow’s milk. In the year 2000 cloning continues to be debated, as an option to provide needed human organs and to help those who are infertile.
Human cloning assists infertile couples by providing them an alternate method of conceiving a child. This allows women who have no ova or men who have no sperm to
Produce a child that is biologically related to them. Furthe
Not only do clones face negative psychological effects but, we are psychologically unprepared for cloning. Human beings are not prepared mentally for the entire concept of cloning, says psychologist Charles Crawford of Simon Fraser University.
One of the major problems of human cloning is the psychological effect of the clones. “These harms include the loss of identity, or sense of uniqueness and individuality” (Naussbaum). Many argue that cloning creates serious issues of identity and individuality and forces humans to consider the definition of self. Gilbert Mender, a psychologist commented on the importance of genetic uniqueness not only to the child but to the parent as well. He states that children begin with a kind of genetic independence of the parent. They replicate neither their father nor their mother. This is a reminder of the independence that the parent must eventually grant them…to lose even in principle this sense of the child as a gift will not be good for the cloned children” ( ). “Humans have an inherent “right to ignorance” or a quality of “separateness” ( ). In cloning, in which there is a time gap between the beginning of ...
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